Phra Leela 25 Buddha Sattawat, B.E.2500
Phra Leela 25 Buddha Sattawat is named so as the year B.E.2500 was the 25th Buddhist Century, or Buddhist Era (B.E.). In Thai, it is usually abbreviated as พ.ศ. (Phor Sor) which stands for Phuttha Sattawat (Buddhist Century). Hence 25 Buddha Sattawat simply means 25th Buddhist Century.
There were a few types of amulets created, including a Buddha statue which is relatively rare and valuable. The amulets created were either made of metal or clay.
Nur Takua (Lead)
One of the common type is shown above, made of lead and tin alloy. There were 3 types of metal used to make this type of Phra Leela, namely gold, rose gold, silver and lead / tin alloy. Gold, rose gold and silver pieces are very rare and expensive, with gold being made 15 pieces, rose gold 30 pieces and silver 300 pieces only. For the lead / tin pieces, there were 2 moulds used, namely the original lead / tin block which is known as Block Tammada (ordinary mould) and using the mould for silver pieces to pump lead / tin pieces, known as Block Niyom (popular mould). Block Niyom pieces have a needle-like protruding line below the Buddha image and is sometimes referred to as Phim Mee Khem (with needle style).
The piece shown above is a champion condition piece, in mint condition, with clear features and the nose not flattened. Usually pieces are found with flattened nose due to the mass machine pumping which caused the mould to have defects slowly. An example of an average condition piece is as shown below, with the nose not in good condition.
Nur Takua (Lead)
Rian Sema, Nur Alpaka, slender arms style
Another type of medals created for Phra Leela 25 Buddha Sattawat were the Rian Sema pieces. There are namely gold, silver and Nur Alpaka (a type of tin alloy). They are usually divided into 2 main moulds, namely big arms style and slender arms style. The above piece is a tip-top champion condition piece and slender arms style.
The next common type is the Nur Din (clay) material pieces. Many coloured pieces, including multiple tones and even minerals were produced due to the baking process. There was only 1 type of material used, i.e. clay. The results range from black to white and many colours in between. Black pieces are the most popular as they are the toughest and most durable due to their inherent nature being nearest to the fire in the kiln. The white pieces are the rarest as they are the furthest away from the fire yet are also as popular due to their rarity. There were other colours in between such as yellow, red, green, etc.
Another group in the same category were caused by accident. Due to the high quantity of these clay amulets being baked in the process, some pieces turn out to be multi-tone in colour, sometimes up to 3 different tones. There were some pieces which during the baking process, minerals in the clay erupted on the surface and became visible. It is important to note that because the minerals erupted from the core material onto the surface, the minerals are actually embedded on the surface. These are known as the Nur Rae (minerals) pieces and are not commonly seen.
Nur Din, single tone colour (cream colour)
Nur Din, dual tone colour
Nur Rae (mineral)
Contrary to popular beliefs that due to the large quantity produced, there were no imitations for the common pieces such as clay and lead /tin pieces. This is a misconception as there are indeed imitations which are either of the wrong size for the clay pieces or missing markings / wrong material for the metal types.
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